Merit Badges

From "Merit Badges", in the Scouting.org Advancement and Awards pages: You can learn about sports, crafts, science, trades, business, and future careers as you earn merit badges. There are more than 135 merit badges, and any Boy Scout or Varsity Scout, or any qualified Venturer or Sea Scout may earn any of these at any …

Advancement Defined

From the 2015 Guide to Advancement (2.0.0.0 Section 2): Everything done to advance—to earn ranks and other awards and recognition—is designed to educate or to otherwise expand horizons. Members learn and develop according to a standard. This is the case from the time  a member joins, and then moves through, the programs  of Cub Scouting, …